About Brain Injury

Brain injury refers to damage to the brain due to a trauma to the head or illness. The term Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) refers to all forms of non-progressive brain injury and includes Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), these terms are often used interchangeably.

Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) as well as including trauma to the head (TBI) can refer to injury caused by stroke, lack of oxygen to the brain (anoxia/ hypoxia), brain tumour, encephalitis and brain haemorrhage, to name a few.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) can have various possible causes, some of the most common are road traffic accidents, accidents at home or in the work place, assaults and falls.

 

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The Effects of Brain Injury

Brain injury may result in changes in three areas:

 

Physical changes

  • reduced muscle strength
  • pain
  • balance problems

Cognitive Changes

  • memory difficulties
  • reduced attention
  • problems with communication

Emotional & Behavioural Changes

  • anger and frustration
  • lack of insight
  • socially withdrawn

How CMS can help?

  • Assist with your transition from hospital to home
  • Assist with housing / accommodation e.g if you are unable to return to your own home
  • Plan and co-ordinate a rehabilitation programme focussing on your strengths and limitations
  • Recruit and train care and support staff if required
  • Arrange for assessment / treatment for therapists e.g. Occupational Therapist / Physiotherapist
  • Find and join hobbies or leisure activities in your area
  • Work with carers, family, friends and yourself to help gain a better understanding of how your injury affects you and those around you
  • Accessing further education and any additional support at school, college / university or      employment
  • Support with regaining / relearning independent living skills
  • Seek out peer support in your area to avoid you becoming withdrawn where appropriate

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